What is an Embedded Systems Design?
An Embedded System as the name suggests, can be thought of as software embedded in a computer hardware system. Embedded systems are part of large and much complex systems to enhance or assist a specific function of the system or it can also be an independent system. The precise definition of an embedded system is that it is a microcontroller or microprocessor based, driven by software, real-time control system designed to carry out an explicit task. For example in latest designed cars, we have automatic transmission, anti-lock brakes, GPS navigation which are all embedded systems. Other examples include fire alarm to sense fire and then send the signal. Medical equipment, cameras, mp3 players, household appliances, airplanes, vending machines, even cellular phones and PDA all include embedded systems into them.
The three basic components of an embedded system are
- Application Software
- Real Time Operating System (RTOS)
- C and C++ programming
- Real Time Operating Systems
- Embedded Linux system design.
- Knowledge for Object Oriented Programming (OOP).
- Knowledge of the Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC).
- Knowledge of network architecture and communication protocols such as Ethernet, TCP/IP etc.
- Understanding of assembler, compiler, linker and loader.
- Understanding of source-level debugger, in-circuit emulators (ICE) and JTAG debuggers
- Understanding of tools like memory testers, Execution tracers and Coverage testers.
Electronics Skills- Basic concepts of microprocessors and electronics like memory addressing, serial ports etc. must be strong
Problem Solving Skills – Real world problem solving skills are needed skills in this domain. An embedded system engineer might spend quite some time troubleshooting an issue. Problem solving skills are thus critical.
Opportunities in Embedded Systems Designing and Programming
Embedded Systems Designing is a specialized occupation. The engineers who trains in designing and developing the systems should possess strong knowledge of electronics and programming.
PG Diploma in Embedded Systems will train and skill the engineering students further to implement modern real time embedded systems. It facilitates to acquire knowledge, skill needed to conceive, design, implement and deploy dedicated embedded systems. By this course, a student gets all the technical know-how and professional attitude to progress in the domain of embedded systems.
There is huge demand for embedded systems engineer as these systems are becoming more and more useful and important in developing and enhancing various large systems. There has been exponential increase in computing power, ubiquity of connective and the merging of various technologies have led to hardware and software systems to be embedded in everyday use systems and products.
Hence engineers in this area have excellent career and growth prospects in various kinds of industries like
- Consumer Electronics
- Manufacturing industries (medical equipment, defense etc.)
- Aerospace and other large as well as small scale industries.
They can be, depending on their skills, knowledge, aptitude and interests –
- Researcher (R&D engineer),
- Embedded Systems Engineer/Developer/Programmer
- Embedded Systems Tester
- Support Package Developer
- Protocol Development Engineer
- Embedded Systems SME (Subject Matter Expert)
Thus, training in embedded systems can provide opportunities to be a part of the leading innovation and it is the tool for the future for present generation. Embedded systems is part of IoT, which is coming age revolution.
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