Internet of Things


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The recent development in technology is leading towards making world a intelligently hyper-connected planet.

IoT – Internet of things is a system which connects objects and devices (like coffee maker, air conditioners, washing machines, cell phones, traffic lights etc.) which are of use to people in their everyday lives at home and work. It is a concept which has the ability to influence the way we live and work. IoT concept in not limited to only people and their daily activities but also applies to different component of machines & industry. IoT not only connects objects to the Internet but also enables devices to intelligently identify and communicate with other devices, objects and even people. This will create a new system of information-sharing among people, facilitated by our devices. It will create a network of People-People, People-Things and Things-Things.

Usage of internet as well its availability is increasing and its connectivity cost is decreasing day by day. More and more devices are created with Wi-Fi and sensors and its penetration among the people is huge. Fast growth of smartphones and internet access has also lead to the concept of IoT.

According to an analyst firm, today there are 14 billion object and devices are connected to the internet and by 2020 these number of devices could be anywhere from 20 billion to 100 million.

Internet of Things is the combination of both hardware and software technologies. The hardware consists of the connected devices and the networks that link them, such as 4G, Wi-Fi and Bluetooth. Software components include data storage platforms and analytics programmes that give information to its users. When these hardware and software components are combined to provide services, real value is created for businesses, consumers and governments.

IoT ECOSYSTEM

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Source:  www.boozallen.com – Internet_of_Things.pdf

Characteristics of IoT

CONNECTS – It connects the physical world around itself one thing to other.

COMPUTES – It processes every input it is fed and then communicates to other related devices.

COMMUNICATES – After processing, it communicated with other devices connected and each device has unique identity.

Example – There are digital signs with embedded sensors on the highway. These sensors detect black ice on the highway at certain location and send automatic messages to incoming vehicles to slow down. This prevents accidents, cuts emergency service costs and decreases overall traffic congestion.

Various other applications of IoT whether it’s in transportation, energy, health, or the military, industries are already benefiting from IoT.

Smart home – It is the highest Internet of Things application. There are lot of companies active in smart home in comparison to other applications of IoT. Various multinational corporations like Philips, Haier, or Belkin have pitched in this area.

Smart city- it includes traffic management, waste management, water distribution, urban security and environmental monitoring. IoT solutions solves many issues faced by the city related to traffic, noise, pollution, security etc. and makes city a better and safer place

And many other like Wearables, Smart grid, Connected car, Connected health, Smart retail, Smart farming and so on.

Implementing IoT-enabled systems will allow businesses and organizations to maximize existing investments, secured transmission, analyze data, and provide near-real time decision support which will change how business is done.

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